Health

Question

Can a 13 Year old be diagnosed with Schizotypal personality disorder?

1 Answer

  • No study has yet reported specifically on the early
    behavior of individuals later diagnosed with schizo-
    typal personality disorder (SPD). This study examines
    prospectively collected teacher reports on school
    behavior as a means of assessing childhood precursors
    of SPD. Thirty-six DSM-IU-R diagnosed schizotypal
    subjects were compared with four other groups: 31
    schizophrenia patients, 37 diagnosed as nonpsychotic
    mentally ill, 68 who were not mentally ill but had
    mothers with schizophrenia, and 60 who were not
    mentally ill and had normal parents. These individuals
    were compared on a teachers' school report question-
    naire obtained when the subjects averaged 15.1 years
    old. Those who later developed SPD were found to be
    more passive and unengaged and more hypersensitive
    to criticisms compared with the nonschizophrenia
    groups. Similar results were found when males and
    females were examined separately, except that males
    who developed SPD were found to be less disruptive
    and hyperexcitable compared with males with schizo-
    phrenia; females with SPD did not differ from females
    with schizophrenia. A receiver operating characteristic
    analysis found these factors to predict 73.5 percent of
    future SPDs; the ability of these factors to predict
    future SPDs is comparable for males and females.
    These findings suggest that preschizotypal traits may
    be identified in late childhood or adolescence.--this text is not mine
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