Mathematics

Question

Find the volume and area for the objects shown and answer Question
Find the volume and area for the objects shown and answer Question

1 Answer

  • Step-by-step explanation:

    You must write formulas regarding the volume and surface area of ​​the given solids.

    [tex]\bold{\#1\ Rectangular\ prism:}\\\\V=lwh\\SA=2lw+2lh+2wh=2(lw+lh+wh)\\\\\bold{\#2\ Cylinder:}\\\\V=\pi r^2h\\SA=2\pi r^2+2\pi rh=2\pir(r+h)\\\\\bold{\#3\ Sphere:}\\\\V=\dfrac{4}{3}\pi r^3\\SA=4\pi r^2[/tex]

    [tex]\bold{\#4\ Cone:}\\\\V=\dfrac{1}{3}\pi r^2h\\\\\text{we need calculate the length of a slant length}\ l\\\text{use the Pythagorean theorem:}\\\\l^2=r^2+h^2\to l=\sqrt{r^2+h^2}\\\\SA=\pi r^2+\pi rl=\pi r^2+\pi r\sqrt{r^2+h^2}=\pi r(r+\sqrt{r^2+h^2})\\\\\bold{\#5\ Rectangular\ Pyramid:}\\\\V=\dfrac{1}{3}lwh\\\\[/tex]

    [tex]\\\text{we need to calculate the height of two different side walls}\ h_1\ \text{and}\ h_2\\\text{use the Pythagorean theorem:}\\\\h_1^2=\left(\dfrac{l}{2}\right)^2+h^2\to h_1=\sqrt{\left(\dfrac{l}{2}\right)^2+h^2}=\sqrt{\dfrac{l^2}{4}+h^2}=\sqrt{\dfrac{l^2}{4}+\dfrac{4h^2}{4}}\\\\h_1=\sqrt{\dfrac{l^2+4h^2}{4}}=\dfrac{\sqrt{l^2+4h^2}}{\sqrt4}=\dfrac{\sqrt{l^2+4h^2}}{2}[/tex]

    [tex]\\\\h_2^2=\left(\dfrac{w}{2}\right)^2+h^2\to h_2=\sqrt{\left(\dfrac{w}{2}\right)^2+h^2}=\sqrt{\dfrac{w^2}{4}+h^2}=\sqrt{\dfrac{w^2}{4}+\dfrac{4h^2}{4}}\\\\h_2=\sqrt{\dfrac{w^2+4h^2}{4}}=\dfrac{\sqrt{w^2+4h^2}}{\sqrt4}=\dfrac{\sqrt{w^2+4h^2}}{2}[/tex]

    [tex]SA=lw+2\cdot\dfrac{lh_1}{2}+2\cdot\dfrac{wh_2}{2}\\\\SA=lw+2\!\!\!\!\diagup\cdot\dfrac{l\cdot\frac{\sqrt{l^2+4h^2}}{2}}{2\!\!\!\!\diagup}+2\!\!\!\!\diagup\cdot\dfrac{w\cdot\frac{\sqrt{w^2+4h^2}}{2}}{2\!\!\!\!\diagup}\\\\SA=lw+\dfrac{l\sqrt{l^2+4h^2}}{2}+\dfrac{w\sqrt{w^2+4h^2}}{2}\\\\SA=\dfrac{2lw}{2}+\dfrac{l\sqrt{l^2+4h^2}}{2}+\dfrac{w\sqrt{w^2+4h^2}}{2}\\\\SA=\dfrac{2lw+l\sqrt{l^2+4h^2}+w\sqrt{w^2+4h^2}}{2}[/tex]

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