Types of Relationships:
Cause refers to “something that contributes to the occurrence of an event, the rise of an idea, or the bringing about of a development”
Effect refers to “what happens as a consequence (result, impact, outcome) of an event, an idea, or a development”
Similarity tells how “something is alike or the same as something else” Difference tells how “something is not alike or not the same as something else”
Turning Point is “a major event, idea, or historical development that brings about significant change. It can be local, regional, national, or global”
● Describe the historical context surrounding these documents
● Identify and explain the relationship between the events and/or ideas found in these documents (Cause and
Effect, or Similarity/Difference, or Turning Point)

Document 1
Article 1 ...... The First Consul of the French Republic desiring to give to the United States a strong proof of his friendship doth hereby cede to the United States in the name of the French Republic for ever and in full Sovereignty the said territory [Louisiana] with all its rights and appurtenances as fully and in the Same manner as they have been acquired by the French Republic in virtue of the above mentioned Treaty concluded with his Catholic [Spanish] Majesty.
.... The Government of the United States engages to pay to the French government in the manner Specified in the following article the sum of Sixty millions of francs independent of the Sum which Shall be fixed by another Convention for the payment of the debts due by France to citizens of the United States.

1 Answer

  • Answer:

    “Buddhism, introduced in Japan as part of Chinese culture, was actively supported by the rulers. This political support furthered the mixing of religious beliefs in Japan, since the emperors were also the highest functionaries in the national religion, Shinto.* Soon it became common to read the Buddhist sutras before shrines of the Shinto kami spirits.

    It became a common practice to count the kami among those beings who—like humans—could find salvation through Buddhist prayer and ritual. The next stage was to give the title of bodhisattva to these Shinto kami, who were thought to have arrived at an enlightened state through the practice of Buddhism.”

    *The traditional religion of Japan, combining elements of animism and ancestor worship

    Hartmut Rotermund, European historian of Japan, article in an encyclopedia of world religions and mythologies, 1991

    a) Explain how the interactions describe in the article illustrate the process of religious syncretism.

    b) Explain ONE similar example of religious syncretism in a region other than Japan.

    c) Explain ONE global process after 1980 that contributed to historians' increased interest in studying the type of cross-cultural interactions described in the passage


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