English

Question

Which of the following is an example of inductive reasoning?
a.All bakers wake up early to go to work; Sue is a baker, so she must get up early.
b.James likes peanut butter sandwiches. He will probably bring one every day for lunch this week.
c.Jamaal prepares accurate, neatly-written homework turned in on time; he is a good student.

2 Answer

  • Answer:

    B. James likes peanut butter sandwiches. He will probably bring one every day for lunch this week.

    Explanation:

    A. All bakers wake up early to go to work; Sue is a baker, so she must get up early is Deductive reasoning And C. Jamaal prepares accurate, neatly-written homework turned in on time; he is a good student is Abductive reasoning

  • Answer:

    B). James likes peanut butter sandwiches. He will probably bring one every day for lunch this week.

    Explanation:

    Inductive reasoning is exemplified as the method of reasoning that proposes a broader conclusion or generalization based on certain specific examples. Such a conclusion could be acclaimed as true or false.

    As per the question, the statement that exemplifies 'inductive reasoning' would be 'James......week' i.e. option B as it proposes a broad conclusion('He will probably bring one every day for lunch this week') which is based on a specific observation('James likes peanut butter sandwiches') and therefore, having chances of being falsified or incorrect. Thus, option B is the correct answer.

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