English

Question

1. Which sentence has a misplaced modifier?
A. Shelly stayed up all night studying for the history test that she had forgotten about.
B. Rubbing her eyes, Shelly began answering the questions.
C. Shelly finally completed the last question yawning loudly. *My Answer*
D. Finally, at 3 a.m., Shelly turned out her light and tried to get some rest.

2. Which revision fixes the misplaced modifier in the sentence?
Being disruptive and unruly, Mother asked Freddie to sit down and listen up.
A. Being unruly and disruptive, Mother asked Freddie to sit down and listen up.
B. Mother, being disruptive and unruly, asked Freddie to sit down and listen up.
C. Mother asked Freddie to sit down and listen up, being disruptive and unruly.
D. Mother asked Freddie, who was being disruptive and unruly, to sit down and listen up.

3. Which revision fixes the dangling modifier in this sentence?
While reading a new mystery book, my dog curled up in my lap and slept. (My Answer)
A. While I was reading a new mystery book, my dog curled up in my lap and slept.
B. Curled up in my lap, my dog slept while reading a new mystery book.
C. My dog, while reading a new mystery book, curled up in my lap and slept.
D. Curling up in my lap while reading a new mystery book, my dog slept.

2 Answer

  • 1. The correct answer, in my opinion, is C. Shelly finally completed the last question yawning loudly. A misplaced modifier means that the modifier (in this case "yawning loudly") doesn't stand besides the word or phrase it modifies, and therefore creates confusion. Shelly is the one who was yawning loudly when she completed the last question. So, the corrected version of this sentence would be: Yawning loudly, Shelly finally completed the last question.

    2. The correct answer is 
    D. Mother asked Freddie, who was being disruptive and unruly, to sit down and listen up. It is Freddie who was being disruptive and unruly, and not his mother. All other revisions make us think that it was the mother. And that is why misplaced modifiers are serious mistakes - they confuse the reader and distort information.

    3. The correct answer is 
    A. While I was reading a new mystery book, my dog curled up in my lap and slept. Dangling modifier means that it isn't clear which word or phrase it modifies because the sentence lacks that word or phrase. So, in this case, the reader might think that the dog was reading a new mystery book. The only way to fix it is to add the correct word or phrase or even a clause ("while I was reading").
  • The first one is C by the way ( :

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