Mathematics

Question

Esther drove to work in the morning at an average speed of 45 miles per hour. She returned home in the evening along the same route and averaged 30 miles per hour. If Esther spent a total of one hour commuting to and from work, how many miles did Esther drive to work in the morning?

2 Answer

  • The key is Esther travelled the same distance - x - in both her morning and evening commute.

    45(time she took in the morning, or p) = x
    30(time she took in the evening, or q) = x

    Therefore 45(p) = 30(q), or divide both sides by 5 and get 9(p) = 6(q). I know you can divide it further, but these numbers are small enough and it's not worth the time.

    Since the whole trip took an hour, (p + q) = 60min, and so, p = 60-q.

    Therefore 9(60-q) = 6q or 540-9q = 6q. So 540 = 15q, which makes q = 36. If q = 36, then by (p+q)=60, p (the time she took in the morning) must equal 24.

    45 miles per hour, her speed in the morning, times (24/60) hours, her time, makes 18 miles travelled in the morning. If you check, 30 miles per hour times (36/60) hours also makes 18 miles in the evening.

    Hope that makes a little sense. And I also hope it's right
  • let distance to work be x miles.
    speed = 45 mph
    so time = x/45 hours
    return speed = 30 mph
    return time = x/30

    x/45+x/30 = 1
    30x+45x / 30*45 =1
    75x= 30*45
    /75
    x= 30*45/75

    x=18 miles ... distance to work place






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