English

Question

Which excerpt from Frankenstein best reflects the 19th-century concern about scientific pursuits that ignore one's conscience?

A. "The dissecting-room and the slaughter-house furnished many of my materials; and often did my human nature turn with loathing from my occupation, while, still urged on by an eagerness which perpetually increased . . ." (38).
B. "If your wish is to become really a man of science, and not merely a petty experimentalist, I should advise you to apply to every branch of natural philosophy, including mathematics" (28).
C. "Thus not the tenderness of friendship, nor the beauty of earth, nor of heaven, could redeem my soul from woe: the very accents of love were ineffectual" (266).
D. "Remorse extinguished every hope. I had been the author of unalterable evils; and I lived in daily fear, lest the monster whom I had created should perpetrate some new wickedness" (103).

1 Answer

  • The correct answer is A. "The dissecting-room and the slaughter-house furnished many of my materials; and often did my human nature turn with loathing from my occupation, while, still urged on by an eagerness which perpetually increased . . ." (38).

    Explanation:

    The 19th century in history led to important changes in the society including the second industrial revolution or technological revolution and the beginning of science as a profession with important discoveries and developments in biology, chemistry, geometry, and electromagnetism. In the novel "Frankenstein" by Mary Shelley issues related to science that emerged in the 19th century are explored including galvanism which consists of stimulating muscles or body parts using electric current, but also Shelley explores scientists pursuing new advancements and discoveries with no conscience or ethical principles, this is reflected on "The dissecting-room and the slaughter-house furnished many of my materials; and often did my human nature turn with loathing from my occupation, while, still urged on by an eagerness which perpetually increased . . ." (38). as this shows the scientist Victor Frankenstein does not care about using dead animals for creating a new creature and even feels repulsion towards this, but despite this he continues with his actions due to some inner desire, ignore his feelings, conscience and even ethical principles that shows how many scientists forgot about what was right just to pursue scientific objectives.

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