use the intermediate value theorem to show that there is a positive number whose 5th power is exactly 1 more than itself.
Mathematics
wakemaster
Question
use the intermediate value theorem to show that there is a positive number whose 5th power is exactly 1 more than itself.
1 Answer

1. User Answers LammettHash
Let [tex]f(x)=x^5(x+1)[/tex]. Then [tex]f(1)=1[/tex] and [tex]f(2)=29[/tex]. By the intermediate value theorem, it follows that there is some [tex]c\in(1,2)[/tex] such that [tex]f(c)\in[f(1),f(2)]=[1,29][/tex].
This guarantees that there is some [tex]c[/tex] between 1 and 2 such that [tex]f(c)=0[/tex], i.e. there is some [tex]c[/tex] such that [tex]c^5=c+1[/tex].