Social Studies

Question

The Mediterranean basin countries: Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Tunisia and Morocco, produce 90% of the world's olive oil supply. What is the most likely reason these countries specialize in olive oil, instead of other countries like Belgium, Norway, or the United Kingdom?

The Mediterranean basin has a better climate for producing olive oil.
The people who live there love olive oil and know how to make it.
The Mediterranean basin is located between European and African markets.
The Mediterranean countries have the longest history with olive oil.

1 Answer

  • The Mediterranean basin has a better climate for producing olive oil.
    Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Tunisia and Morocco all have sunny, warm and dry climates, which help to produce olive trees and olive groves. Olive groves cannot be grown anywhere, especially not in countries like Belgium or the United Kingdom where the weather is mild, rainy and with a lack of sun or in a climate like Norway, where there is also little sun and is a relatively cold country. In countries like these, it is harder to grow vegetables and fruits which require sun, but easier to grow produce that are considered root vegetables or fruits.
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